1899: Alfred Hitchcock, English film director who became a US citizen in 1955, was born. He made the first British sound film - Blackmail (1929) - although dialogue only began in reel two as the studio was not equipped in the early sequences. He made many films, including Rebecca in 1940 and Psycho in 1960.
1910: Death of Florence Nightingale, the ’’Lady With The Lamp’’ during the Crimean War.
1961: East German border guards stopped cars passing to the east through the Brandenburg Gate, thus sealing the border and preventing an exodus to the West. Barbed wire was erected, later to be replaced by the Berlin Wall.
1964: The last hangings in Britain took place - Peter Allen at Walton Prison, Liverpool, and John Walby at Strangeways, Manchester.
1997: The first episode of South Park aired on Comedy Central.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Springwatch presenter Chris Packham reiterated his call for a ban on grouse shooting as a petition to Parliament reached the 100,000 signatures needed to trigger a Commons debate.
BIRTHDAYS: Madhur Jaffrey, actress and cookery writer, 84; Feargal Sharkey, singer and music industry executive, 59; Phil Taylor, darts player, 57; Tony Jarrett, former athlete, 49; Alan Shearer, former footballer, 47; Shoaib Akhtar, former cricketer, 42; James Morrison, singer/songwriter, 33.